Is Family Therapy Covered By Insurance?

Is Family Therapy Covered By Insurance?
Is Family Therapy Covered By Insurance?

Family therapy can be a valuable resource for addressing various family-related challenges. This article explores the coverage of family therapy by insurance, the types of insurance that may cover it, factors that may affect coverage, and alternative options for affording family therapy.

Is Family Therapy Covered By Insurance? 

Yes,  family therapy is covered by insurance, this depends on several factors, including the type of insurance plan you have, the specific therapy services you require, and the laws and regulations in your region. Here are some key points to consider:

1. Insurance Plan Type

The type of insurance plan you have plays a significant role in whether family therapy is covered. Health insurance plans typically fall into two categories:

a. Behavioral Health Coverage

Some health insurance plans include coverage for behavioral health services, which can include family therapy. These plans may cover a portion of the cost or require copayments or coinsurance.

b. Traditional Health Coverage

Some health insurance plans may not specifically cover family therapy as a standalone service. However, they may cover individual therapy or mental health services, which may be a component of family therapy.

2. Diagnostic Criteria

Insurance companies often require a mental health diagnosis to cover therapy services, including family therapy. A qualified mental health professional will need to assess the family’s situation and provide a diagnosis if necessary.

3. Network Providers

Many insurance plans have a network of preferred or in-network providers. If you want to use your insurance to cover family therapy, it’s essential to choose a therapist or counselor who is part of your plan’s network to maximize coverage.

4. Preauthorization and Referrals

Some insurance plans may require preauthorization or referrals from a primary care physician (PCP) or a mental health specialist before they will cover family therapy. You should check with your insurance company to understand their specific requirements.

5. Coverage Limits

Insurance plans may have limitations on the number of therapy sessions they will cover, either per year or per diagnosis. Be sure to review your plan documents to understand any such limits.

6. Copayments and Deductibles

Even if your insurance covers family therapy, you may still be responsible for copayments or deductibles. These are out-of-pocket expenses you need to pay before your insurance coverage kicks in or in addition to it.

7. Laws and Regulations

Insurance coverage for mental health services, including family therapy, can vary by country, state, and region. Laws and regulations can influence what services are covered and to what extent.

 To determine whether family therapy is covered by your insurance, you should:

1. Contact your insurance company

Call the customer service number on your insurance card or visit their website to check your coverage details and ask specific questions about family therapy.

2. Verify network providers

Confirm whether the family therapist you want to see is in-network or out-of-network for your plan.

3. Understand costs

Ask about copayments, deductibles, and any other financial responsibilities you may have.

4. Obtain preauthorization or referrals if necessary

If your plan requires preauthorization or referrals, follow the required steps.

Keep in mind that insurance coverage can change, so it’s essential to verify your benefits before starting family therapy. Additionally, you should work closely with your therapist and insurance company to ensure accurate billing and reimbursement.

Types Of Insurance That May Cover Family Therapy

Family therapy is a type of counseling or psychotherapy that helps family members improve communication and resolve conflicts within the family unit. Insurance coverage for family therapy can vary depending on the insurance provider, the specific policy, and the reasons for seeking therapy. Here are some types of insurance that may cover family therapy:

Health Insurance

Many health insurance plans include coverage for mental health services, which can include family therapy. This coverage may be subject to deductibles, copayments, or coinsurance, so it’s essential to check your policy’s details. The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) requires that mental health benefits be provided at parity with medical/surgical benefits, which means insurance providers cannot impose more restrictive limitations on mental health coverage than on physical health coverage.

Employee Assistance Programs (EAPs)

Some employers offer EAPs as part of their benefits package. EAPs often provide short-term counseling or therapy services, which can include family therapy, to help employees and their family members address personal or work-related issues.


Medicaid is a government-funded health insurance program for low-income individuals and families. Depending on your state’s Medicaid program, it may cover family therapy as part of its mental health services.

Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP)

CHIP is a state and federally funded program that provides health insurance to eligible children and sometimes pregnant women. Like Medicaid, coverage for family therapy may vary depending on the state.

Private Mental Health Insurance

Some individuals or families may have separate private insurance policies that specifically cover mental health and substance abuse services, including family therapy.


Medicare is a federal health insurance program primarily for individuals aged 65 and older. While it primarily covers individual therapy, there may be some coverage options for family therapy in specific situations, such as when a family member is directly involved in the patient’s care.


Tricare is the health insurance program for military service members and their families. It may cover family therapy when it’s deemed medically necessary and meets specific criteria.

It’s crucial to check with your insurance provider or your employer’s benefits department to understand the extent of your coverage for family therapy. Additionally, it’s essential to verify whether the therapist you plan to see accepts your insurance, as not all mental health professionals participate in all insurance networks. Be prepared to obtain pre-authorization if required and to understand any limitations or restrictions on the number of sessions covered, as well as any out-of-pocket costs.

Insurance Coverage For Different Family Therapy Approaches

Insurance coverage for family therapy approaches can vary depending on the specific type of therapy, the insurance provider, and the individual policy. Here are some common family therapy approaches and a general idea of how insurance coverage may work for each:

Cognitive-Behavioral Family Therapy (CBT)

CBT is a widely accepted approach that focuses on changing patterns of behavior and thought to improve family dynamics. Many insurance plans cover CBT-based family therapy because it is considered evidence-based and effective.

Structural Family Therapy

Structural therapy focuses on identifying and modifying family structure and interactions. Insurance coverage for this approach can vary, but it may be covered if deemed medically necessary.

Strategic Family Therapy

This approach involves brief, problem-focused interventions. Insurance coverage may be available for strategic family therapy when it is used to address specific mental health conditions or issues.

Narrative Family Therapy

Narrative therapy emphasizes the importance of the stories individuals and families tell about their lives. Insurance coverage for this approach may depend on the insurance provider’s policies and the presenting issues.

Systemic Family Therapy

Systemic therapy looks at the family as a whole and how each member’s behavior affects the family system. Coverage for this approach can vary, and it may depend on the diagnosis and the insurance company’s policies.

Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT)

EFT focuses on emotional bonds and attachment within families. Some insurance plans cover EFT when it is used to address specific mental health issues.

Intergenerational Family Therapy

This approach explores the influence of past generations on current family dynamics. Insurance coverage for intergenerational therapy may vary, and it often depends on the presenting issues and the insurance provider.

It’s essential to note that insurance coverage for family therapy is subject to several factors:


Insurance companies typically require a diagnosis to cover therapy sessions. The diagnosed condition should be related to the therapy.

Medical Necessity

Insurers may assess whether family therapy is medically necessary to address a particular mental health issue or condition.

Provider Credentials

Insurance companies may require that the therapist providing family therapy services is a licensed mental health professional and is in-network with the insurance plan.

Coverage Limits

Insurance policies may have coverage limits, such as a maximum number of sessions or a specific co-payment or deductible amount.

Before seeking family therapy, it’s essential to contact your insurance provider to understand your coverage, including any limitations, co-payments, or out-of-pocket expenses. Additionally, you can work with your therapist to provide necessary documentation and information to support insurance claims for family therapy services. Keep in mind that coverage can vary widely, so it’s crucial to review your specific policy details and consult with your insurance provider for the most accurate information.

Factors That May Affect Coverage

Insurance Policy Terms

The specific terms and conditions of the insurance policy can influence coverage.

Medical Necessity And Diagnosis

The determination of medical necessity and diagnosis may impact coverage decisions.

Out-Of-Network vs. In-Network Providers

Coverage may vary based on whether the family therapy provider is in-network or out-of-network.

Verifying Insurance Coverage For Family Therapy

Contacting The Insurance Provider

Contacting the insurance provider directly can clarify the extent of coverage for family therapy.

Understanding Copayments And Deductibles

Knowing copayment and deductible details helps families plan for out-of-pocket expenses.

Exploring Preauthorization Requirements

Preauthorization requirements, if any, need to be addressed to avoid unexpected denials.

Other Options For Affording Family Therapy

Sliding Scale Fees

Some therapists offer sliding scale fees based on a family’s ability to pay.

Community Mental Health Centers

Community mental health centers may provide affordable or no-cost family therapy services.

Employee Assistance Programs (EAPs)

EAPs offered by employers may include family therapy services for their employees.

Advocating For Insurance Coverage

Requesting Coverage For Medical Necessity

Advocating for medical necessity with the insurance provider can increase chances of coverage.

Appealing Insurance Denials

Appealing insurance denials may be an option if family therapy is deemed medically necessary.


Family therapy can be an essential resource for addressing family-related concerns, and understanding insurance coverage options is crucial. By exploring insurance coverage, alternative affordability options, and advocating for coverage when necessary, families can access the support they need to foster healthy relationships and communication.


Q: Does insurance cover all types of family therapy?

A: Insurance coverage for family therapy can vary depending on the insurance plan and the specific type of therapy being provided. Some insurance plans may cover certain therapy approaches more comprehensively than others.

Q: How can families verify their insurance coverage for family therapy?

A: Families can verify their insurance coverage for family therapy by directly contacting their insurance provider. Understanding copayments, deductibles, and any preauthorization requirements is essential to be fully informed about coverage.

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